Basic Concepts Of Stock Market

new 31 Jan

Stock is the ownership which provides by the company and board of director’s issue companies’ shares and when traders purchase companies’ shares, they also purchase profits and loss of the company. We perform either buying or selling of shares, according to the performance of the stock companies”

The main object of many companies is to attract for their investment in the company whatever investor is small or big investors. But company’s worth in crores of rupees, so most of the times it is achievable not investing for the larger amount. Thus the entire worth of the company is spited into small portions, which is called shares.

We take an example, if the worth of the company is about 80 lakh.  Accordingly the shares equal to the 80 lakh rupees that will be issued by the company i.e. 8000 parcels at the price of 1000 rupees per share. Companies denote price range for their shares according to their need, although the entire value of the shares must be equivalent to the total value of the company. Everyone who is very impressed by the profits or loss of definite company is able to buy its shares from the markets on definite price and can be sold. When company of which you purchased shares and it is performing excellent then getting a good return, and also company reputation rises and eventually shares’ prices rise.  Generally share price is based on the requirement and supply rule. Therefore a right decision for buying shares is a very difficult task, but you have a proper guidance or Stock Tips then don’t need take tension, which make your excellent earnings.

The board of director or who are the members of company administration and having a big number of shares are called company promoters. Company’s promoters and other shareholders,

Who are important pieces of the company make decisions, are controlled to trade their company shares in markets (can swap their shares just with sufficient information which provided to the stock exchanges).

Only the company owner provides shares that are sold on the stock markets are accessible to all for trading, and the market is known as open market. Share traders should purchase shares at the set price range, which sated by the company, and whenever it has recently listed in stock markets via IPO. Whenever a company listed in stock markets their price of shares changes according to the company’s performance and investors is being able to buy shares at the current market price.

Companies have an authority to apply desired transform in the shares i.e. They have been able to divide or union shares or can allow bonus shares to their main shareholders, and gave the entire value of the company will not be modified. We take an example, a company can divide its share value at 1000 rupees each share or can bond 2 or more shares pack into one valuing therefore.

Basically the shares define company growth and the company reputation; therefore they are also known as ‘equity shares’. Equity traders can insist on the company for various phases of their business. And can alter the administration of the company, when you have 51% shares in your hand of the total. Generally, companies hold more than 51% of shares and remain shares sell to the stock markets for public trading. The shares public use shares for trading on the stock market are known as free float shares. For instance, if 90% of shares in the hand of the company’s promoter, and only 10% of the stock markets, hence 10% shares are free float shares, basically all the shares we are trading on stock markets are free float share. The value of shares of a particular company is calculated by their market price of that share and it show the Market Value of the Company.

Minimum Investment Required to Stock Markets

For stock markets, nobody says how much amount is needed to enter, but it’s probable to beginning trading with your investments, you can start with very small amounts of money. You can buy shares in the complete number not in fraction amount. Purchasing shares in fractional number is not possible.

E.g. Purchasing of 3.5 shares is not possible

So everyone can begin their trade in stock markets by at least one share, of course, there are dissimilar shares available in markets which price ranging from one rupee to more than 5 thousand. Therefore, it’s possible to participate in investments in stock markets with a one rupee. However, this is not the Situation where all the stock brokerages may set their own smallest amount. Most of brokerages don’t agree to amounts below 5000 Rs, also dealings pause while the balance is achieved below 5000 Rs.

Lacking of smallest amount is a massive improvement to traders. You should start your investment with little amounts primarily, after that once you become expert you can make your big sized investment, because without experience investment can be very harmful for you and you can bear huge loss, avoiding the losses by lack of practice during our early stages, but you can take help from experts and many advisory farms offer tips like as Equity Tips, Option Tips for option trading and Nifty Tips for indexing companies. Many mutual funds have from 5000 rupees to more investment scheme and also you can share your profit with the other mutual fund company. Furthermore, they are most preferable and low risky than other investment alternative like investment in gold (here requiring buy at least 1gm), currency futures requiring investment of 1000$ or other investment in commodities need more amounts. Although how much amount you should invest for big profits, its answer depends on your trading nature. But for a great start, your stock investment is about 5000 rupees minimum. Stock Markets have a facility that here NO minimum amount should required to invest.

Risk Aspect Related in Stock Market Investments

Stock markets are completely safe, but they are uncertain for ordinary investors. Risk depends on your selection of stocks, we can’t say risk free share because shares marker is a risky platform where low risk shares are available, but there are not any risk free shares.

The degree of danger depends on different factors which are:

A single stock investment, then risk depends on a single company.

In common large cap companies’ stocks are of small risk, on the other hand small cap companies, particularly with high promoter bet are at high risk. All the companies of BSE 30, NSE 50 are good brand compromises of small risk, even they are truthful, and have the capability to actively return. Always choose the right sector for your investment because some sectors are very riskier than others.


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