Beginners Guide to Options

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What is important an option in trading?

An option is a different kind of agreement which provide an option to the buyer for modified their trade, this contract provides facilities to buy or sell an underlying stock at a definite price on or before a certain date. An option is essentially a derivative in trading. That means its value is derivative the other.  Its value depends upon on an underlying stock in the case of livestock, whereas its value depends upon the underlying index in the case of index option.

An option is a protection for our trade and it is similar to a stock or bond. Option trading becomes profitable when you have expert Option Tips.

Differences and Similarities of Options and Stocks


  • As similar to stock, options at listed conditions are securities.
  • Options behave like as stock when buyers make bids and sellers create offers.
  • Options are dynamically processed in a listed market, just like as other securities we can brought and sold.


  • Basically, options are derivatives, its value derives from another, but in the case of stock, it is not.
  • In options, it has an expiration date, but in stock, it is not.
  • There are not a predetermined number of options, while there are available in stock.
  • Traders have only stocks of particular companies which are provided by the companies, but the option is their own choice. Most of the companies offer dividend with stock.

Call Options and Put Options

Option is normally divided according to its nature in to two categories one is Call Put Option and Put Option.

A Call option is different kind of trading type in which trader; buy a stock at a definite price on or before a definite date. Due to this we can define Call options are like protection deposits. For better understanding we call for a position where you are paying to hire a certain assets, and also pay for a surety deposit for it, the deposited money would be applied to cover that you could, that means, charge that property at the cost contracted upon when you came back. In the case of where you never returned, you would compensate for your security deposit, although you would accept no additional obligation. Call option values generally increase with the underlying instruments. The option is a very important tool when trader creates own Stock Tips, Forex Tips and Nifty Tips. When you compensate for buying a Call option, the required prices at which you pay is called the option premium, and protects your right to purchase a certain store at a specific price is called the strike price. If you want to make your mind up for not to use the option to purchase the stock, then you are not obligated to hear, your cost is only for the option premium.

Put options are options are different to call option, input options trade performs to sell a stock at a definite price on or before a confident date.  Put options are behaving like as insurance policies. If you want to buy a new car, and then you need buy auto insurance on the car, you have to pay a premium and if the asset is damaged in an accident then auto insurance protect it. You can utilize your policy to recover the value of the car. Here, the put options values increase with the underlying instrument reduce. If all works fine and the assurance is not needed, the insurance company takes your premium in return for obtaining on the risk.  The most important thing is that with a Put option you can insure your inventory by setting a selling price. If something occurred by which the stock price to move down, and hence, damages your asset, you can employee your option and at its insured price level you can sell.

When the stock price breaks up and there is no “legal injury,” then you do not require any use the insurance, and your cost is the only premium charge. This is the major business of listed options, to permit investors ways to manage risk.

Types of Expiration

There are two special forms of choices according to expiration. First is a European style option and the second is an American style option. The European style option can’t be treated until the release date is occurring. One time an investor has bought the option, it should be held until expiration. An American style option can be processed at any time after it is buying. Nowadays, most of stock options we are traded with American style options. And many index options are traded in American style. But many index options are different which options are of European style. Every investor should be alert of this when they purchase an index option.

Options Premiums Explanation

An option Premium is the charge for the option, you need to pay to the option. We take an example; an ABC March 30 Call (therefore it is an option to buy ABC’s stock) may have an option in the premium of Rs. 5. That means that this option expenses are about Rs. 500.00. Why are we charging for this? Because a large amount of the listed options are of 100 shares lot, and  price of all equity options  are estimated on a per share basis, so here  need to be multiplied times 100 by 5.

Strike Price

The Strike Price is the price at which the underlying security buys or sells as a specific price in the option agreement. It is also known as Exercise price.

In the given example, with the ABC March 30 Call, the strike price is about 30. The stock can be purchased for Rs. 30 per share. Here ABC March 30 set; it would permit the holder have the authority to sell the stock at price of 30 Rupees/share.

Expiration Date

The Expiration Date is the last day on which the option is no longer applicable and ready to fire. The expiration date is different for different countries for all listed stock options, in the U.S. A.  The expiration date is the 3rd Friday of the month (except holiday).

For example, the ABC March 30 Call option will terminate on the 3rd Friday of March.

The strike price also assists to recognize whether an option is available in-the-money, at-the-money, or out-of-the-money when evaluate to the underlying security price. The strike price will provide clear results.

Exercising Options

When traders buy option, then they are permitted to right and the right is exercised.

In event of call exercise, Call holders can buy inventory from the Call seller at the strike price.

In case of Put exercise, Put holders can sell inventory to the Put seller at the strike price.

Call holders and Put holders are not obligated to buy or sell an option; both have the rights to do, and may decide to Exercise or not, it’s based upon their own strategies.

Assignment of Options

If an option holder decides to process an option, a progression start to get a writer who is short the equal class of option that means class, strike price and option type.

This means if buyers exercise, then sellers may be chosen to formulate good on their consignment.

For a Call obligation, Call writers are necessary to put up for sale stock at the strike price to the Call holder.

For a Put obligation, Put writers are necessary to purchase stock at the strike price from the Put holder.


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