Following are the 5 universal methods of share issues:
1) Public Issue – This involves a business making an invitation to the universal public to purchase or subscribe its shares. For instance, a listed company completes a public issue of 1,000,000 New average Shares of $1 each and every at an issue price of $1.20 per average share payable incomplete on the application.
2) Offers for sale – This technique involves a business selling a new issue of shares of an issuing house, and the issuing house will stand the risks of selling shares to other investors.
3) Private placings – This technique involves an issue of new shares to financial organizations and big private customers rather than making a request to the general public to subscribe to shares.
4) Bonus issues – A listed company may capitalize part of its reserves by making a bonus issue to the presented shareholders, and no money will be paid to such issues. For example, if a business declares a 1 for five bonus issue, that means for every five shares held, an presented shareholder will receive a single for free Share Tips.
5) Rights issue – A business may make a rights issue to its average shareholders. Presented shareholders will be given the rights to purchase a new share at a price lower than that listed in the stock exchange.